Homosexuality in ancient Rome often differs markedly from the contemporary West. Latin lacks words that would precisely translate " homosexual " and " heterosexual ". Roman society was patriarchal , and the freeborn male citizen possessed political liberty libertas and the right to rule both himself and his household familia. The conquest mentality and "cult of virility" shaped same-sex relations. Roman men were free to enjoy sex with other males without a perceived loss of masculinity or social status, as long as they took the dominant or penetrative role.
The grim truth of being gay in prison
No Escape: Male Rape in U.S. Prisons - Prisoners' Voices
I n , when Calvin Burdine was awaiting sentencing for allegedly stabbing his gay lover to death, the prosecuting attorney encouraged the jury in his closing remarks to award Burdine the death penalty, rather than life in prison, on the grounds that sending a gay man to prison was akin to sending a kid to a candy store. After 17 minutes of deliberation, the jury obliged and sentenced Burdine to die. His death sentence was later overturned mostly because Burdine's public defender had slept through much of his trial , but the homophobic thinking — that prison is some kind of paradise for gay men — lingers on. The reality of life in prison for homosexuals and transgender individuals does not appear to reflect this myth.
Homosexuality in ancient Greece
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By Hannah Frishberg. Researchers analyzed 10 separate studies on sexual orientation, involving a total of 5, men and information regarding their birth order. The findings also showed that t he more older brothers a man had, the higher the likelihood he would be gay. The study also found a correlation between mothers giving birth to homosexual males and having more children, as compared to moms of straight males having fewer children. Interestingly, the study authors did not find a correlation between sexuality and birth order for women.